Background of NCC,B Trust
The global warming resulting from excessive Greenhouse gas emissions is adversely changing the existing climate pattern of Bangladesh. The climate change has demonstrated effecting Bangladesh with the decreasing duration of winter with intense and lethal cold spells. During the summer, the temperature has risen and the intensity of heat waves is on the rise. The rainfall pattern of the country changed abruptly with higher degree of rainfall resulting in frequent longer lasting floods. On the other hand very little rainfall has been experienced during winter preceding, increasing risk of drought during months of March-April. With the rising sea level, vast low lying areas on the coast are likely to be inundated. Sea level rise will also bring additional challenge of higher quaintly of saline water intrusion, increased frequency and intensity of cyclone storms, as well as increased storm surge height. Considering all these together, it can clearly be assumed that Bangladesh is going to become a land of natural hazard as an impact of climate change. Climate change already has affected the country, and will intensify in future in two ways. Firstly, global warming lead to change in precipitation and weather pattern leading agriculture and food security to massive threat. And secondly, increased number of climate induced disasters in the form of extreme hydro-meteorological events such as flood, drought, salinity ingress, river bank erosion and tidal surge leading to damage of infrastructure, crop production, natural resources, livelihoods and consequently the national economy.
In this perspective, it becomes imperative to build up general awareness of the people on the vulnerabilities induced by climate change and initiative at field level to popularize strategies for adaptation. At the same time, it is also necessary to sensitize the concerned government department’s to undertake mitigation initiatives on a national and international scale.
From 2005 to 2011, NCC,B has completed its three phases primarily based on Climate Adaptation in the field level, and based on both experiences of adaptation and advocacy, the network has designed the project, ‘Advocacy to enhance justice for climate vulnerable people in Bangladesh’ that is presently ongoing.
It has been observed that in recent days, climate change has become a priority area for the Government and policy makers. In addition to the government agencies and NGOs, bi-lateral as well as multi-lateral development partners are giving special priority on the issue.
In recent years the Government has made remarkable progress in terms of policy, strategy and institutional arrangement. One of the most significant achievement of the present Government is to develop the Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan of Bangladesh (BCCSAP, 2009), as a part of the overall development strategy of the country. Now BCCSAP has become the principal policy paper of Bangladesh on climate change adaptation and mitigation. But the process of project selection and fund allocation generated a huge questions and accused for corruption. In this circumstance, advocacy to enhance good governance in climate change sector has become more important than ever. Realizing the situation NCC,B has designed it’s new phase emphasizing on advocacy on climate change issue.